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Teaching apprenticeship for non-graduates to launch in 2025

The government will launch a long-awaited apprenticeship route into teaching for non-graduates next year, it has been announced.

The four-year course, which would see apprentices achieve a degree and qualified teacher status, will be piloted with “up to” 150 trainee maths teachers from September 2025.

Apprentices would spend “around 40 per cent” of their time studying and the rest of the time in the classroom, the Department for Education said.

The government missed its secondary teacher recruitment target by 50 per cent this year.

Planning for a route that does not require applicants to already have a degree has gone on behind the scenes for years. Without such a route, schools have limited ways to spend money they pay into the apprenticeship levy.

Gillian Keegan

But earlier attempts to create such a route never came to fruition, in part due to opposition from former schools minister Nick Gibb, who left government in November.

Education secretary Gillian Keegan said the teacher degree apprenticeship (TDA) would be a “game-changing opportunity for schools to nurture and retain talent from the ground up, helping apprentices to gain the knowledge and skills they need to teach future generations”.

“The teacher degree apprenticeship will open up the profession to more people, from those who want a career change to those who are looking for an earn and learn route without student debt.”

Concerns route could ‘truncate’ training

A postgraduate apprenticeship has existed for several years but requires applicants to already hold a degree.

Government data shows 630 people achieved the qualification in 2021-22. ITT census figures show 962 applied for the course this academic year.

The DfE said its teacher degree apprenticeship would offer a “high-quality, alternative route for people to become qualified teachers”, and would “diversity the route into teaching so schools across the country can continue to recruit the teachers they need”.

Paul Whiteman
Paul Whiteman

The department added the new route would “provide a new route for teaching assistants who do not have an existing degree to train to become a teacher and continue their career progression in the classroom”.

Paul Whiteman of the NAHT said his union was “supportive of apprenticeships, but our view is that the threshold for entry onto teacher training should continue to include holding a degree”.

“We remain very concerned about any proposals that look to truncate degrees and teacher training, as this scheme does.”

Apprentices are paid on the job, but it is not clear what rate those on the degree apprenticeship route will receive.

Trainees will spend 40% of time studying

The apprentice minimum wage is just £5.28 for those in their first year, but trainees on the current postgraduate route into teaching are paid on the unqualified teacher pay scale, which starts at just over £20,000 a year outside London.

The DfE said apprentices would spend “around 40 per cent of their time studying for their degree with an accredited teacher training provider, gain qualified teacher status and all tuition fees are paid for, so trainees won’t be saddled with the student debt”.

It is also not clear whether the government will expect the qualification to be offered only by universities, or whether other teacher training providers will be given degree-awarding powers.

The department said it was “working with subject experts and the trailblazer group to co-develop how universities and schools offering the TDA can ensure secondary subject specialism is comprehensive and high-quality”.

The courses also “must adhere to the ITT criteria, encompass all aspects of the ITT core content framework (CCF) and enable trainees to meet the teacher standards”.

Pilot for maths trainees next autumn

Ministers will launch recruitment to the pilot scheme in the autumn. It will see the government “working with a small number of schools and teacher training providers to fund up to 150 apprentices to work in secondary schools to teach maths”.

Training providers “will bid to partake in the pilot and trainees will be recruited from this autumn and start their training the following year”.

The teacher degree apprenticeship grant funding pilot will only include government funding for the training of one cohort.

After that, schools will have to use levy funding. The DfE said providers and schools would also be able to “develop and run” apprenticeship courses with their own funding from September 2025.

The apprenticeship has been developed by a “trailblazer group” – panels of employers that draw up the standards that underpin courses.

The group is chaired by the South Farnham Educational Trust, whose chief executive Sir Andrew Carter led the government’s review of teacher training in 2015.

A spokesperson for the trust said the apprenticeship “presents an ideal opportunity for talented professionals without a degree to pursue their dream of teaching”.

“The opportunity to gain QTS and a degree through the new TDA would enable our Trust to invest in talented individuals early in their career and grow them into outstanding teachers of the future.”

But Geoff Barton, general secretary of the ASCL leaders’ union, said while the apprenticeship was a “good idea in principle”, it was “unlikely that teacher degree apprenticeships will provide anywhere near the number of qualified teachers required to solve the recruitment and retention crisis”.

He added that he was “concerned about how realistic this will be in reality for many schools given the number of competing demands on them and the lack of sufficient staffing and funding in the education system”.

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